Types archaeology dating

In Europe, it has been used frequently to reconstruct the chronological sequence of graves in a cemetery (e.g.Jørgensen 1992; Two different variants of seriation have been applied: contextual seriation and frequency seriation (Renfrew and Bahn 1996, pp. Whereas contextual seriation is based on the presence or absence of a design style, frequency seriation relies on measuring the proportional abundance or frequency of a design style.This has to be done slowly and painstakingly, and the archaeologists will record and preserve anything found at every stage and depth (for example paint flakes, hair, clothing or DNA) as it may be vital evidence.The colour and state of the soil may be useful in the investigation.

Herculaneum, ancient city of S Italy, on the gulf of Naples at the foot of Mt. From 1900 to 1935 he conducted excavations on the Greek island of Crete, principally at Knossos, and there uncovered the remains of a previously.....

Contextual seriation is often used for reconstructing the chronological sequence of graves as only the presence or absence of a design style or type is important.

Frequency seriation is applied in case of large quantities of objects belonging to the same style.

Forensic archaeologists may be involved in the excavation of mass graves to produce evidence for war crimes trials, or in the collecting and collating of human remains and personal effects at mass fatalities, such as bomb or gas explosions, or plane crashes.

Evidence from forensic archaeologists about how materials degrade or decompose over time and in specific conditions is important, as this can help determine, for example, how long a body has been buried by the state of the clothes or the surrounding soil, or how long stolen goods have been buried by the subsequent damage to metal and other materials.